Ubuntu安装第三方内核后如何使用linux-common-tools

Ubuntu 有点讨厌,内核相关的包给拆好几个,如果一直官方内核倒也没啥,关键官方内核太老,我一般第一时间就会替换成第三方的内核,比如:https://github.com/xanmod/linux

但是一旦换成第三方内核,你要使用类似 perf cpupower 这种内核相关命令的时候就会提示下面的错误:

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perf
WARNING: perf not found for kernel 6.1.7-x64v3

  You may need to install the following packages for this specific kernel:
    linux-tools-6.1.7-x64v3-xanmod1
    linux-cloud-tools-6.1.7-x64v3-xanmod1

  You may also want to install one of the following packages to keep up to date:
    linux-tools-xanmod1
    linux-cloud-tools-xanmod1

缺包,但还贴心的给出了提示,估计是做了一层包装,我们拆开看看:

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~ head -n 18 $(which perf)
#!/bin/bash
full_version=`uname -r`

# First check for a fully qualified version.
this="/usr/lib/linux-tools/$full_version/`basename $0`"
if [ -f "$this" ]; then
        exec "$this" "[email protected]"
fi

# Removing flavour from version i.e. generic or server.
flavour_abi=${full_version#*-}
flavour=${flavour_abi#*-}
version=${full_version%-$flavour}
this="$0_$version"
if [ -f "$this" ]; then
        exec "$this" "[email protected]"
fi
...

显然是从/usr/lib/linux-tools/$(uname -r)这个目录里去找perl了,解决也很简单:

  1. 拉内核源码编译perf二进制塞到上面的目录
  2. 因为这种工具代码更新频率很低,所以可以直接从低版本官方内核包中拖出来,丢到上面的目录

迫于太懒,我肯定选方法二:

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mkdir -p /usr/lib/linux-tools/$(uname -r)
apt download linux-tools-5.19.0-21
# 把deb解压,/./usr/lib/linux-tools-5.19.0-21/ 目录里的文件全拷贝到 /usr/lib/linux-tools/$(uname -r)

大概的目录结构是这样:

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➜  ~ uname -a
Linux u2004-p13 6.1.7-x64v3-xanmod1 #0~20230118.a4fbffc SMP PREEMPT_DYNAMIC Wed Jan 18 23:47:06 UTC  x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
➜  ~ tree /usr/lib/linux-tools/6.1.7-x64v3-xanmod1
/usr/lib/linux-tools/6.1.7-x64v3-xanmod1
├── acpidbg
├── bpftool
├── cpupower
├── libperf-jvmti.so
├── perf
├── turbostat
├── usbip
├── usbipd
└── x86_energy_perf_policy

0 directories, 9 files

敲个命令试试看:

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➜  ~ cpupower frequency-info
analyzing CPU 0:
  driver: acpi-cpufreq
  CPUs which run at the same hardware frequency: 0
  CPUs which need to have their frequency coordinated by software: 0
  maximum transition latency:  Cannot determine or is not supported.
  hardware limits: 1.40 GHz - 1.80 GHz
  available frequency steps:  1.80 GHz, 1.70 GHz, 1.40 GHz
  available cpufreq governors: conservative ondemand userspace powersave performance schedutil
  current policy: frequency should be within 1.40 GHz and 1.80 GHz.
                  The governor "performance" may decide which speed to use
                  within this range.
  current CPU frequency: Unable to call hardware
  current CPU frequency: 1.90 GHz (asserted by call to kernel)
  boost state support:
    Supported: yes
    Active: no

完美,后续内核有更新的话,只需要重命名一下 /usr/lib/linux-tools/$(uname -r) 即可

有关的几个issue:

  1. https://github.com/xanmod/linux/issues/94
  2. https://github.com/xanmod/linux/issues/121
# NOTE: I am not responsible for any expired content.
[email protected]:11:05+08:00
[email protected]:51:52+08:00
[email protected]://github.com/ferstar/blog/issues/69
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